Patient Education

Our team of specialists and staff think informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well-being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire website, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.

For information about available footwear, please check the diabetic selections at these websites:
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...* YesNo Current Relationship Status: * MarriedSingleDivorcedWidowed Please highlight any of the following an immediate family member has been treated for:   Arthritis   Cancer   Diabetes   Heart Disease   High Blood Pressure Untitled   Anemia (low blood count)   Asthma   Herniated disc   Spinal stenosis   Kidney Disease   Liver Disease   Low Blood Pressure   Migraine Headaches   Blood Clots   Peripheral arterial disease   Acid Reflux   Cancer   Chemotherapy   Chronic Fatigue Syndrome   Lupus   Diabetes   Emphysema   Epilepsy   Fibromyalgia   Glaucoma   Gout   Hardening of Arteries   Heart Murmur   Heart Disease   Hepatitis A B C D   High Blood Pressure   HIV/AIDS   Mitral Valve Prolapse   Multiple Sclerosis   Osteoarthritis   Muscular Dystrophy   Phlebitis   Sleep Apnea   Polio   Blindness   Rheumatic Fever   Rheumatoid Arthritis   Psoriasis   Sinus Trouble   Skin Rash   Stroke   Thyroid Problems   Tuberculosis   Stomach Ulcer   Varicose Veins Please highlight if you have had any allergic reactions to the following:   Adhesive Tape   Asprin   Codeine   Iodine   Latex   Local Anesthetics (Nocacaine)   Penicillin   Sulfa   Other If other, please explain: Please highlight if you have or are subject to:   Burning Pain   Chronic Infections   Fainting   Foot Pain at Rest   Foot/Leg at Rest   Foot/Legs Cramps When Walking   Circulatory Problems   Shortness of Breath   Previous MRSA or VRE infection   Chest Pain   Bleeding/Clotting Disorder   Cold Feet   Foot/Leg Cramps at Night   Nervousness   Prolonged Bleeding   Swelling of Legs   Calf Pain   Bleeding Tendancy   Shortness of Breath when active   Fever/Chills   Nausea/Vomiting Primary Pharmacy and Location    

Neuroma
...Conservative treatments usually resolve the pain or progressions of the condition, and range from wearing roomier, lower-heeled footwear or using orthotics to reduce the pressure on the nerve, to injections of corticosteroid medication to reduce swelling and inflammation...

Nails & Skin
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts Soft Tissue Biopsy Black Toenails Callus Cold Feet Contact Dermatitis Corns Cracked Heels Cyst Ganglion Dermatitis Dry Heels Eczema of the Foot Foot Rash Frostbite Ingrown Toenails Lumps Malignant Melanoma of the Foot MRSA Infection of the foot Plantar Wart (Verucca Plantaris) Puncture Wounds Skin Cancer of the Foot and Ankle Smelly Feet Soft Tisue Biopsy Staph Infections of the Foot Sweaty Feet Thick Toenails Warts White Toenails Yellow Toenails

Ring In The New Year!
...Additional symptoms are swelling and sometimes bruising...

Super Bowl Sunday!!!
... Sitting in one position for too long causes swelling in the feet and ankles...

Want Better Looking Feet? Ditch the Ingrown Toenails
...If you experience pain, redness, swelling, or unusual warmth in your toe, it could be an ingrown toenail...

Wear Green On St. Patty's Day...but Not Gangrene
...Wet gangrene results from an untreated (or inadequately treated) infection in the body where the local blood supply has been reduced or stopped by tissue swelling, gas production in tissue, bacterial toxins, or all of these factors in combination...

Thank Your Mom! And Her Feet...
... Edema The other common problem that mothers face is edema, or swelling in the feet...

Heel Pain: Bursitis
...Pain is usually worse when you press on the affected area and you may see redness and swelling...

R.I.C.E - Do You Know What It Means?
...The cold will reduce your pain and any swelling that may occur...

Early Spring or More Winter?
...Deep frostbite (3rd and 4th degree) manifests with complete loss of feeling in the affected area, swelling, white or yellowish skin that turns black or purple upon re-warming, and when touched, the skin will feel solid...

Go With The Flow
...Today we’re going to look at venous insufficiency, venous stasis ulcers, and edema (swelling) of the legs...

Trauma & Injuries
...Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area...

Don't Stress About It
...Swelling on the top of the foot or outside of the ankle may also be present...

Your Achilles Heel...The Real One
...Mobility of the foot and leg will be immediately limited and tenderness, swelling, and redness will appear at the site of injury...

Sprain or Strain? Part 1
... All three grades of sprains will present with pain, bruising, and swelling...

Tendonitis
...Even minor damage to our tendons sparks the body’s natural response to send extra blood to the area to help it heal; we call this swelling...

Avoid Pump Bump!
...If you develop this deformity, you will know by the pain, swelling, and redness surrounding a noticeable bump on the back of your heel...

Bursitis - Another Look
... Bursitis of any kind can be recognized by pain, swelling, and redness...

My Big Toe Hurts...
...The uric acid crystallizes and builds up between the joints of the big toe causing pain, redness, swelling, heat, and stiffness...

Pain Laser
...Painful conditions accompanied by swelling or inflammation benefit from this technology...

Rheumatoid Arthritis
... When attacked, the body reacts with swelling, redness, and stiffness...

Give Your Feet Some Pleasure
... Give them a rest! We talk about RICE and elevation as a way to reduce swelling and promote healing...

Bunions
...This creates a visible deformity of the foot and can be accompanied by redness, swelling, pain, and stiffness...

Chronic Ankle Instability
...Secondary complications may occur from this, including synovitis (joint swelling), tendonitis, and tendon tears...

The Two Sides of Poor Circulation
...Signs of venous insufficiency include swelling, varicose veins, feeling of heaviness in the foot, and could eventually lead to leg ulcers...

Lyme Disease
...Other symptoms may show a more gradual onset, but can also be much more severe, including migraines, neck pain, arthritis with joint pain and swelling, heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, nerve pain, shortness of breath, and even short-term memory loss...

Your Feet Can Tell the Future!
...How about sudden clubbing – swelling of the digits creating a ‘rounded’ look to feet and toes...

Pregnancy & High Heels
...If you must wear heels, do so for short periods of time and raise your feet afterwards to reduce swelling...

Are Your Feet Laboring Over Labor Day?
...Just a short list of possible conditions include varicose veins, heel pain, leg or ankle swelling, bunions, plantar fasciitis, tendonitis, joint damage, fallen arches, poor circulation…should I go on...

Gymnastics & Your Feet
...When young athletes experience pain, swelling, and tenderness of the heel bone, it’s a sign that they are overusing this area...

Sprain & Tendon Issues
...” When it affects the ankle joint it can produce swelling and pain, and may eventually result in deformity, loss of joint function, and decreased ability to walk...

Conditions
... Arthritis Arthritis is an inflammation and swelling of the cartilage and lining of the joints, generally accompanied by an increase in the fluid in the joints...

Tendonitis in the MLB
... Usual symptoms for tendonitis include general and achy pain, swelling, and tenderness...

Fed Up with Ingrown Toenails?
...This may be accompanied by pain, redness, swelling, or even pus if infection is present...

It's Cold, Colder, Coldest...Injuries
...This causes red patches, itching, swelling, and can be accompanied by painful blisters, called pernio...

Ligament Sprains
...When we sprain a ligament, we stretch it further than it wants to go and it gets mad at us by swelling and becoming painful...

Why Your Toe Hurts...
...It may now be accompanied by swelling, bruising, or tenderness...

Don't Let Shin Splints Halt Your Exercise Progress
... Specific conditions and activities that can contribute to shin splints include: -Starting with too much exercise, too quickly -Changing terrain or surface (such as switching from flat routes to hills) -Always exercising on hard surfaces -Not allowing for body recovery time between strenuous activities -Exercising without proper stretching -Worn out shoes -Flat feet or high-arches     If you feel pain or tenderness, or see redness and swelling in your legs, use the RICE method...

Hallux Rigidus
...Inflammation of the joint can lead to swelling, redness, and difficulty wearing shoes...

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction PTTD
... Symptoms The symptoms of PTTD may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle...

Common Disorders of the Achilles Tendon
... To reduce swelling due to inflammation, apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour...

Ankle Arthritis
...” When it affects the ankle joint it can produce swelling and pain, and may eventually result in deformity, loss of joint function, and decreased ability to walk...

Achilles Tendon Rupture
... Signs and Symptoms  A person with a ruptured Achilles tendon may experience one or more of the following: Sudden pain (which feels like a kick or a stab) in the back of the ankle or calf – often subsiding into a dull ache A popping or snapping sensation Swelling on the back of the leg between the heel and the calf Difficulty walking (especially upstairs or uphill) and difficulty rising up on the toes These symptoms require prompt medical attention to prevent further damage...

Ankle Fractures
... Symptoms An ankle fracture is accompanied by one or all of these symptoms: Pain at the site of the fracture, which in some cases can extend from the foot to the knee Significant swelling, which may occur along the length of the leg or may be more localized Blisters may occur over the fracture site...

Chronic Ankle Instability Page
... People with chronic ankle instability often complain of: A repeated turning of the ankle, especially on uneven surfaces or when participating in sports Persistent (chronic) discomfort and swelling Pain or tenderness The ankle feeling wobbly or unstable Causes Chronic ankle instability usually develops following an ankle sprain that has not adequately healed or was not rehabilitated completely...

Ankle Pain
...Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area...

Athletes Foot
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Soft Tissue Biopsy
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Black Toenails
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Bursitis
... Symptoms of bursitis include localized redness, swelling and pain...

Fractures of the Calcaneus Heel Bone Fractures
... The signs and symptoms of traumatic fractures may include: Sudden pain in the heel and inability to bear weight on that foot Swelling in the heel area Bruising of the heel and ankle The signs and symptoms of stress fractures may include: Generalized pain in the heel area that usually develops slowly (over several days to weeks) Swelling in the heel area Diagnosis  To diagnose and evaluate a calcaneal fracture, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask questions about how the injury occurred, examine the affected foot and ankle, and order x-rays...

Callus
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Capsulitis of the Second Toe
...It can feel like there’s a marble in the shoe or a sock is bunched up Swelling in the area of pain, including the base of the toe Difficulty wearing shoes Pain when walking barefoot In more advanced stages, the supportive ligaments weaken leading to failure of the joint to stabilize the toe...

Charcot Foot
... Symptoms The symptoms of Charcot foot may include: Warmth to the touch (the affected foot feels warmer than the other) Redness in the foot Swelling in the area Pain or soreness Diagnosis Early diagnosis of Charcot foot is extremely important for successful treatment...

Cold Feet
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Contact Dermatitis
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Corns
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Cracked Heels
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Cyst Ganglion
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Dermatitis
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Dry Heels
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Eczema of the Foot
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Fifth Metatarsal Fracture
...These include: Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot Difficulty walking Bruising may occur Diagnosis Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment...

Flatfoot Adult Acquired
... Symptoms The symptoms of PTTD may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle...

Foot Fracture
...Pain, swelling, redness, and even bruising are signs of a possible fracture...

Foot Rash
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Fracture Toe
... Bruising and swelling the next day...

Frostbite
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Fungal Nails
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Gangrene
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Gout
... Symptoms An attack of gout can be miserable, marked by the following symptoms: Intense pain that comes on suddenly – often in the middle of the night or upon arising Signs of inflammation such as redness, swelling, and warmth over the joint...

Haglunds Deformity
...The symptoms include: A noticeable bump on the back of the heel Pain in the area where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel Swelling in the back of the heel Redness near the inflamed tissue Diagnosis After evaluating the patient’s symptoms, the foot and ankle surgeon will examine the foot...

Hallux Rigidus Page
...) Pain and stiffness aggravated by cold, damp weather Difficulty with certain activities (running, squatting) Swelling and inflammation around the joint As the disorder gets more serious, additional symptoms may develop, including: Pain, even during rest Difficulty wearing shoes because bone spurs (overgrowths) develop Dull pain in the hip, knee, or lower back due to changes in the way you walk Limping (in severe cases) Diagnosis The sooner this condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat...

Heel Cracks
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Heel Fissures
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

There's No Doubt About Gout
...     Symptoms include sudden and intense pain with redness and swelling...

Inflammation Actue
...These include:   Swelling Pain Increased warmth and redness of the skin Inflammation can be acute or chronic...

Ingrown Toenails
...This “digging in” of the nail irritates the skin, often creating pain, redness, swelling, and warmth in the toe...

Intermetatarsal Neuroma
...Placing an icepack on the affected area helps reduce swelling...

Joint Pain in the Foot
...The pain may be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, stiffness, redness, bruising and/or increased warmth over the affected joints...

Joint Swelling in the Foot
...This results in an accumulation of fluid in the tissues in and around the joint, resulting in swelling...

Jones Fracture
...These include: Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot Difficulty walking Bruising may occur Diagnosis Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment...

Lisfranc Injuries
... Symptoms The symptoms of a Lisfranc injury may include: Swelling of the foot Pain throughout the midfoot when standing or when pressure is applied Inability to bear weight (in severe injuries) Bruising or blistering on the arch are important signs of a Lisfranc injury...

Lumps
...  They can be caused by soft tissue swelling, sacs of fluid, fatty tissue, and nerve, vessel or muscle enlargements...

Malignant Melanoma of the Foot
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

MRSA Infection of the Foot
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Peroneal Tendon Injuries
...Symptoms of tendonitis include: Pain Swelling Warmth to the touch Acute tears are caused by repetitive activity or trauma...

Plantar Wart Verruca Plantaris
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Puncture Wounds
...The signs of a minor infection that show up around the wound include soreness, redness, and possibly drainage, swelling, and warmth...

Rash
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Sesamoid Injuries in the Foot
...Turf toe causes immediate, sharp pain and swelling...

Shin Splints
“Shin splints” is a term to describe pain and swelling in the front of the lower legs...

Skin Cancer of the Foot and Ankle
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Smelly Feet
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Staph Infections of the Foot
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Stress Fracture in the Foot
... Pain, swelling, redness, and possibly bruising can be signs of a stress fracture...

Sweaty Feet
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Tailors Bunion
... Symptoms The symptoms of tailor’s bunions include redness, swelling, and pain at the site of the enlargement...

Thick Toenails
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Toe and Metatarsal Fractures Broken Toes
... Bruising and swelling the next day...

Turf Toe
... Symptoms The signs and symptoms of turf toe can include pain, swelling, and limited joint movement...

Volleyball Injuries to the Foot and Ankle
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Warts
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

White Toenails
... Allergies Athlete's Foot (tenia pedis) Blisters Burning Feet Calluses Corns Cysts Frostbite Fungus Gangrene Lesions Psoriasis Smelly Feet and Foot Odor Swelling Ulcers Warts

Wounds Puncture
...The signs of a minor infection that show up around the wound include soreness, redness, and possibly drainage, swelling, and warmth...

Yellow Toenails
...Other potential causes for yellow discoloration of the nail include diabetes mellitus and lymphedema (chronic leg swelling)...

Why Do My Ankles Swell?
...s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none}     For many people, swollen feet and ankles after a long day at work are nothing new, but for someone suffering from Venous Insufficiency, swelling can be painful and dangerous...

Help! I'm Pregnant with a Sprained Ankle!
...One common symptom of pregnancy is foot and ankle swelling...

Planning the Best Vacation
...Foot and ankle swelling is a common side effect of travel, meaning your shoes should be a half to full size larger than the ones you wear at home...

Burns From Above and Below
... If you do get burned, use these helpful tips to relieve symptoms and start healing: Cool feet with cold water soaks Use burn moisturizers or aloe to soothe Cold compresses can take down swelling and reduce itchy feelings Keep hydrated as this will help cells heal faster Avoid wearing shoes or socks that irritate the area until it is healed Avoid itching, peeling, or bursting blisters as this can lead to pain and infection

The Different Types of Broken Bones
...You will have swelling, tenderness, discoloration, stiffness, and pain...

Turf Toe Troubles
...Overextension and impact on the joint causes damage to ligaments which causes bruising and swelling...

Another Cause of Heel Pain
...Swelling and redness will be present, and it may be difficult to stretch the back of your ankle...

Try Laser Therapy Today!
...Swelling is greatly reduced and there is a rapid relief of pain...

A Creepy, Crawly, Cringe-Worthy Condition
...Symptoms of spider veins may include swelling, dull and achy pain, or an itchy rash...

All About Edema
Edema is often written off as a fancy term for swelling, something that happens all the time...

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)
... SymptomsThe symptoms of PTTD may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle...

Accessory Navicular Syndrome
...The signs and symptoms of accessory navicular syndrome include: A visible bony prominence on the midfoot (the inner side of the foot, just above the arch) Redness and swelling of the bony prominence Vague pain or throbbing in the midfoot and arch, usually occurring during or after periods of activity Diagnosis To diagnose accessory navicular syndrome, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask about symptoms and examine the foot, looking for skin irritation or swelling...

Common Disorders of the Achilles Tendon
... To reduce swelling due to inflammation, apply a bag of ice over a thin towel to the affected area for 20 minutes of each waking hour...

Achilles Tendon Rupture
... Signs and Symptoms  A person with a ruptured Achilles tendon may experience one or more of the following: Sudden pain (which feels like a kick or a stab) in the back of the ankle or calf – often subsiding into a dull ache A popping or snapping sensation Swelling on the back of the leg between the heel and the calf Difficulty walking (especially upstairs or uphill) and difficulty rising up on the toes These symptoms require prompt medical attention to prevent further damage...

Diabetic Complications and Amputation Prevention
...Inspect for: Skin or nail problems: Look for cuts, scrapes, redness, drainage, swelling, bad odor, rash, discoloration, loss of hair on toes, injuries, or nail changes (deformed, striped, yellowed or discolored, thickened, or not growing)...

Ankle Arthritis
...” When it affects the ankle joint it can produce swelling and pain, and may eventually result in deformity, loss of joint function, and decreased ability to walk...

Ankle Fractures
... Symptoms An ankle fracture is accompanied by one or all of these symptoms: Pain at the site of the fracture, which in some cases can extend from the foot to the knee Significant swelling, which may occur along the length of the leg or may be more localized Blisters may occur over the fracture site...

Chronic Ankle Instability
... People with chronic ankle instability often complain of: A repeated turning of the ankle, especially on uneven surfaces or when participating in sports Persistent (chronic) discomfort and swelling Pain or tenderness The ankle feeling wobbly or unstable Causes Chronic ankle instability usually develops following an ankle sprain that has not adequately healed or was not rehabilitated completely...

Ankle Pain
...Ankle pain can be associated with swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area...

Ankle Sprain
... Symptoms The symptoms of ankle sprains may include: Pain or soreness Swelling Bruising Difficulty walking Stiffness in the joint These symptoms may vary in intensity, depending on the severity of the sprain...

Bone Tumors in the Foot
... Symptoms of a bone tumor may include: • Fracture from slight injury, • Bone pain, often at night, • Occasionally a mass or swelling in the area...

Bursitis
... Symptoms of bursitis include localized redness, swelling and pain...

Fractures of the Calcaneus (Heel Bone Fractures)
... The signs and symptoms of traumatic fractures may include: Sudden pain in the heel and inability to bear weight on that foot Swelling in the heel area Bruising of the heel and ankle The signs and symptoms of stress fractures may include: Generalized pain in the heel area that usually develops slowly (over several days to weeks) Swelling in the heel area Diagnosis  To diagnose and evaluate a calcaneal fracture, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask questions about how the injury occurred, examine the affected foot and ankle, and order x-rays...

Capsulitis of the Second Toe
...It can feel like there’s a marble in the shoe or a sock is bunched up Swelling in the area of pain, including the base of the toe Difficulty wearing shoes Pain when walking barefoot In more advanced stages, the supportive ligaments weaken leading to failure of the joint to stabilize the toe...

Charcot Foot
... SymptomsThe symptoms of Charcot foot may include: Warmth to the touch (the affected foot feels warmer than the other) Redness in the foot Swelling in the area Pain or soreness DiagnosisEarly diagnosis of Charcot foot is extremely important for successful treatment...

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
... Risk Factors for DVT: Blood or vein conditions:  Previous DVT Varicose veins Blood clotting disorders Family history of DVT or blood-clotting disorders Other medical conditions: Heart disease Chronic swelling of the legs Obesity Inflammatory bowel disease Cancer Dehydration Sepsis Women's Health issues: Hormone replacement therapy Birth control pills containing estrogen Pregnancy or recent childbirth Other: Age over 40 years old Immobility (through inactivity or from wearing a cast) Recent surgery Trauma (an injury) Smoking Causes of DVT   Many factors can contribute to the formation of a DVT...

Diabetic Complications and Amputation Prevention
...Inspect for: Skin or nail problems: Look for cuts, scrapes, redness, drainage, swelling, bad odor, rash, discoloration, loss of hair on toes, injuries, or nail changes (deformed, striped, yellowed or discolored, thickened, or not growing)...

Diabetic Foot Care Guidelines
...Check for cuts, blisters, redness, swelling, or nail problems...

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
...If you notice any cuts, redness, blisters, or swelling, see your foot and ankle surgeon right away...

DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis)
... Risk Factors for DVT: Blood or vein conditions:  Previous DVT Varicose veins Blood clotting disorders Family history of DVT or blood-clotting disorders Other medical conditions: Heart disease Chronic swelling of the legs Obesity Inflammatory bowel disease Cancer Dehydration Sepsis Women's Health issues: Hormone replacement therapy Birth control pills containing estrogen Pregnancy or recent childbirth Other: Age over 40 years old Immobility (through inactivity or from wearing a cast) Recent surgery Trauma (an injury) Smoking Causes of DVT   Many factors can contribute to the formation of a DVT...

Fifth Metatarsal Fracture
...These include: Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot Difficulty walking Bruising may occur Diagnosis Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment...

Flatfoot-Adult Acquired
... Symptoms The symptoms of PTTD may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle...

Foot Arthritis
...” When it affects joints of the foot it can produce swelling and pain, and may eventually result in deformity, loss of joint function, and decreased ability to walk...

Foot Fracture
...Pain, swelling, redness, and even bruising are signs of a possible fracture...

Foot Lumps
...  They can be caused by soft tissue swelling, sacs of fluid, fatty tissue, and nerve, vessel or muscle enlargements...

Fracture-Ankle
... Symptoms An ankle fracture is accompanied by one or all of these symptoms: Pain at the site of the fracture, which in some cases can extend from the foot to the knee Significant swelling, which may occur along the length of the leg or may be more localized Blisters may occur over the fracture site...

Fracture-Foot
...Pain, swelling, redness, and even bruising are signs of a possible fracture...

Fractures of the Calcaneus (Heel Bone Fractures)
... The signs and symptoms of traumatic fractures may include: Sudden pain in the heel and inability to bear weight on that foot Swelling in the heel area Bruising of the heel and ankle The signs and symptoms of stress fractures may include: Generalized pain in the heel area that usually develops slowly (over several days to weeks) Swelling in the heel area Diagnosis  To diagnose and evaluate a calcaneal fracture, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask questions about how the injury occurred, examine the affected foot and ankle, and order x-rays...

Fractures of the Fifth Metatarsal
...These include: Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot Difficulty walking Bruising may occur Diagnosis Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment...

Fracture-Toe
... Bruising and swelling the next day...

Gout
... Symptoms An attack of gout can be miserable, marked by the following symptoms: Intense pain that comes on suddenly – often in the middle of the night or upon arising Signs of inflammation such as redness, swelling, and warmth over the joint...

Haglund's Deformity
...The symptoms include: A noticeable bump on the back of the heel Pain in the area where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel Swelling in the back of the heel Redness near the inflamed tissue Diagnosis After evaluating the patient’s symptoms, the foot and ankle surgeon will examine the foot...

Hallux Rigidus
...) Pain and stiffness aggravated by cold, damp weather Difficulty with certain activities (running, squatting) Swelling and inflammation around the joint As the disorder gets more serious, additional symptoms may develop, including: Pain, even during rest Difficulty wearing shoes because bone spurs (overgrowths) develop Dull pain in the hip, knee, or lower back due to changes in the way you walk Limping (in severe cases) Diagnosis The sooner this condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat...

Heel Bone Fractures
... The signs and symptoms of traumatic fractures may include: Sudden pain in the heel and inability to bear weight on that foot Swelling in the heel area Bruising of the heel and ankle The signs and symptoms of stress fractures may include: Generalized pain in the heel area that usually develops slowly (over several days to weeks) Swelling in the heel area Diagnosis  To diagnose and evaluate a calcaneal fracture, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask questions about how the injury occurred, examine the affected foot and ankle, and order x-rays...

Inflammation: Actue
...These include:   Swelling Pain Increased warmth and redness of the skin Inflammation can be acute or chronic...

Ingrown Toenails
...This “digging in” of the nail irritates the skin, often creating pain, redness, swelling, and warmth in the toe...

Intermetatarsal Neuroma
...Placing an icepack on the affected area helps reduce swelling...

Joint Pain in the Foot
...The pain may be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, stiffness, redness, bruising and/or increased warmth over the affected joints...

Joint Swelling in the Foot
...This results in an accumulation of fluid in the tissues in and around the joint, resulting in swelling...

Jones Fracture
...These include: Pain, swelling, and tenderness on the outside of the foot Difficulty walking Bruising may occur Diagnosis Anyone who has symptoms of a fifth metatarsal fracture should see a foot and ankle surgeon as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment...

Lisfranc Injuries
... Symptoms The symptoms of a Lisfranc injury may include: Swelling of the foot Pain throughout the midfoot when standing or when pressure is applied Inability to bear weight (in severe injuries) Bruising or blistering on the arch are important signs of a Lisfranc injury...

Lumps
...  They can be caused by soft tissue swelling, sacs of fluid, fatty tissue, and nerve, vessel or muscle enlargements...

Os Trigonum Syndrome
... Signs and Symptoms of Os Trigonum Syndrome  The signs and symptoms of os trigonum syndrome may include: Deep, aching pain in the back of the ankle, occurring mostly when pushing off on the big toe (as in walking) or when pointing the toes downward Tenderness in the area when touched Swelling in the back of the ankle Diagnosis Os trigonum syndrome can mimic other conditions such as an Achilles tendon injury, ankle sprain, or talus fracture...

Osteoporosis
... Increased pain with walking, accompanied by redness and swelling on the top of the foot, is a sign that you should see a foot and ankle surgeon for x-rays and examination...

Osteoarthritis of the Foot and Ankle
... Symptoms People with osteoarthritis in the foot or ankle experience, in varying degrees, one or more of the following: Pain and stiffness in the joint Swelling in or near the joint Difficulty walking or bending the joint Some patients with osteoarthritis also develop a bone spur (a bony protrusion) at the affected joint...

Osteopenia
... Increased pain with walking, accompanied by redness and swelling on the top of the foot, is a sign that you should see a foot and ankle surgeon for x-rays and examination...

P.A.D. (Peripheral Arterial Disease)
...Check all over for sores, cuts, bruises, breaks in the skin, rashes, corns, calluses, blisters, red spots, swelling, ingrown toenails, toenail infections, or pain...

Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.)
...Check all over for sores, cuts, bruises, breaks in the skin, rashes, corns, calluses, blisters, red spots, swelling, ingrown toenails, toenail infections, or pain...

Peripheral Neuropathy: Diabetic
...If you notice any cuts, redness, blisters, or swelling, see your foot and ankle surgeon right away...

Peroneal Tendon Injuries
...Symptoms of tendonitis include: Pain Swelling Warmth to the touch Acute tears are caused by repetitive activity or trauma...

Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)
... Symptoms The symptoms of PTTD may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle...

Pump Bump (Hallux Rigidus)
...) Pain and stiffness aggravated by cold, damp weather Difficulty with certain activities (running, squatting) Swelling and inflammation around the joint As the disorder gets more serious, additional symptoms may develop, including: Pain, even during rest Difficulty wearing shoes because bone spurs (overgrowths) develop Dull pain in the hip, knee, or lower back due to changes in the way you walk Limping (in severe cases) Diagnosis The sooner this condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to treat...

Puncture Wounds
...The signs of a minor infection that show up around the wound include soreness, redness, and possibly drainage, swelling, and warmth...

Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Foot and Ankle
...The signs of inflammation can include pain, swelling, redness, and a feeling of warmth around affected joints...

R.I.C.E Protocol
... Compression: An elastic wrap should be used to control swelling...

Sesamoid Injuries in the Foot
...Turf toe causes immediate, sharp pain and swelling...

Shin Splints
“Shin splints” is a term to describe pain and swelling in the front of the lower legs...

Stress Fracture in the Foot
... Pain, swelling, redness, and possibly bruising can be signs of a stress fracture...

Swollen Ankles
Swelling of the ankles may be due to many factors, including trauma, infection, tumor, varicose veins, improper function of the lymphatic system, poor circulation, hypertension, and congestive heart failure, to name a few...

Swollen Feet
Swelling of the feet may be due to many factors, including trauma, infection, tumor, varicose veins, improper function of the lymphatic system, poor circulation, hypertension, and congestive heart failure, to name a few...

Synovitis
...Symptoms of synovitis may include redness, swelling, warmth, and pain with joint motion...

Tailor's Bunion
... Symptoms The symptoms of tailor’s bunions include redness, swelling, and pain at the site of the enlargement...

Talar Dome Lesion
...The signs and symptoms of a talar dome lesion may include: Chronic pain deep in the ankle—typically worse when bearing weight on the foot (especially during sports) and less when resting An occasional “clicking” or “catching” feeling in the ankle when walking A sensation of the ankle “locking” or “giving out” Episodes of swelling of the ankle—occurring when bearing weight and subsiding when at rest Diagnosis A talar dome lesion can be difficult to diagnose, because the precise site of the pain can be hard to pinpoint...

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
... An injury, such as an ankle sprain, may produce inflammation and swelling in or near the tunnel, resulting in compression of the nerve...

Tired Feet
...Obesity, improper footwear, pregnancy, leg swelling, increased activity level, or compensation from an injury (through overuse of other parts of the foot and/or the opposite foot) are other potential factors in the development of tired feet...

Toe and Metatarsal Fractures (Broken Toes)
... Bruising and swelling the next day...

Turf Toe
... Symptoms The signs and symptoms of turf toe can include pain, swelling, and limited joint movement...

Varicose Veins
..."  The condition can cause swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet...

Wounds-Puncture
...The signs of a minor infection that show up around the wound include soreness, redness, and possibly drainage, swelling, and warmth...

Yellow Toenails
... Other potential causes for yellow discoloration of the nail include diabetes mellitus and lymphedema (chronic leg swelling)...